Working with the Glacier storage class. How to upload and retore files to and from Amazon S3 Glacier.
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Amazon S3 Glacier Storage Class

The Glacier Storage Class Overview

The GLACIER storage class differs from other storage classes. It was designed for data that will be stored for decades without the need to access. As of Oct 2018, this is the cheapest storage class on AWS. You pay when you need to access your data (see the pricing for more details).

The data you store under the GLACIER storage class is not available for real-time access. You need to restore the objects before you access them. Please check out instructions below for more details on how to restore the files stored under the GLACIER storage class.

In order to move your object to the GLACIER change storage class you need to configure Bucket Lifecycle Rules. There is no way to apply this storage class during uploading.

Starting from Nov 26, 2018, direct uploads to Glacier are possible, please check out the instructions below.

The GLACIER storage class offers the same durability and resiliency as STANDARD.


To apply the Glacier storage class for existing files

1. Start S3 Browser and select the file(s) and/or folder(s) you want to change storage class for.

2. Click Files, Change Storage Class to, GLACIER

Click files, change-storage-class-to

How to apply the Glacier storage class for already uploaded files

3. S3 Browser will update storage class for selected files and refresh files list.


To apply the Glacier storage class for an entire Bucket

1. Start S3 Browser and select the bucket you want to change storage class for.

2. Click Buckets, Change Storage Class to, GLACIER

Click buckets, change-storage-class-to menu item

How to apply the Glacier storage class for an entire bucket

3. S3 Browser will apply selected storage class for all files inside the bucket.

If your Amazon S3 Bucket contains a lot of files, this operation may take a while. You can significantly increase performance with S3 Browser Pro. It allows you to increase the number of concurrent working threads and thereby process your files much more faster!


Automatic transition to the Glacier storage class

You can configure automatic transition to the Glacier storage class via Lifecycle Rules, please check the steps below for detailed instructions.

1. Start S3 Browser and select the bucket you want to configure lifecycle rules for

2. Click Buckets, Lifecycle Configuration

Click Buckets->Lifecycle Configuration

Select the bucket and click Buckets, Lifecycle Configuration.. Or use the CTRL+I keyboard shortcut.

Bucket Lifecycle Rules dialog will open:

Buckets-lifecycle-configuration dialog

Bucket Lifecycle Configuration dialog

Click the Add button, New lifecycle Rule dialog will open:

Add New Lifecycle Rule Dialog

Transition to the Glacier storage class via lifecycle rules

3. Specify the Prefix - choose the folder if you would like to configure transition to Glacier for the particular folder or leave this field empty to apply the Glacier storage class for entire bucket.

4. Switch to the Actions for current versions tab

Add New Lifecycle Rule - Actions for current versions

Add New Lifecycle Rule dialog - Actions for current versions actions

5. Add new transition to the GLACIER storage class.

5.1 (Optional) Configure the same for noncurrent versions if you would like to transfer object versions for versioning-enabled buckets

6. Click Add new rule to add new rule into the list and Save to apply changes.


Direct uploads to Amazon S3 Glacier

You may configure S3 Browser to automatically apply the Glacier storage class for files during uploading.

This can be configured via Default Http Headers.

1. Click Tools, Default Http Headers

tools-default-http-headers

Click Tools, Default Http Headers

2. Default Http Headers dialog will open

default-http-headers-dialog

Default HTTP Headers dialog.

3. Click the Add button, Add new Default Http Header dialog will open:

add-default-http-header

Add new Default Http Header dialog

4. Specify the Bucket and optional Path and the following header name and value:

Header name: - x-amz-storage-class

Header value: - GLACIER

5. Click Add new header to add new header.

6. Click Save changes


How to restore files from Amazon Glacier

1. Select the files you want to restore, right click and choose Restore from Glacier

select files and click restore

Right click on files you want to restore and choose Restore from Glacier

Restore Files from Amazon Glacier dialog will open:

Restore Files from Amazon Glacier

Restore Files from Amazon Glacier Dialog

2. Specify how long restored files will be available for download.

3. Select retrieval method

  • Expedited (files available in 1-5 min) ~ $0.03 per GB (depends on the Region)
  • Standard (files available in 3-5 hours) ~ $0.01 per GB (depends on the Region)
  • Bulk (files available in 5-12 hours) ~ $0.0025 per GB (depends on the Region)

4. Click Restore.

S3 Browser will initiate restore operation for files you selected.

4. Wait from 1 minute to 12 hours, depending on the retrieval method selected. Then you can download requested files using standard procedure.

To check the status of restore operation:

1. Select the file and open the Properties tab

status of restore operation

How to check the status of restore operation:

2. The Storage Class row shows the status of restore operation.

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